The lining of the esophagus does not share these resistant features and stomach acid can damage it. The prognosis for acid reflux (GERD) is good in mild to moderate cases. Chronic cases often respond to prescription drugs, and severe cases may require surgery to avoid serious complications. Treatment of acid reflux includes over-the-counter (OTC) medications including antacids and H2-blockers; prescription medications such as proton pump inhibitors, coating agents, and promotility agents; and in severe cases, surgery.
Pregnant women and overweight people are especially prone to heartburn for this reason. When the muscles in the stomach do not contract normally, the stomach does not empty into the small intestine as fast as it normally would. The combination of more food left in the stomach plus increased pressure in the stomach due to the delayed emptying increases the risk for stomach acid to leak back up into the esophagus. Some types of food, drink, smoking, and medications can directly irritate the lining of the esophagus and cause heartburn. In the case of medications, it may make a difference to stay upright for at least 20 to 30 minutes after taking the medication and to take the pill with a full glass of water.
Dietary changes can help to ease symptoms. For example, high-fat and salty foods can make GERD worse, while eggs and some fruits can improve it. Learn which foods are beneficial here. Acid reflux or heartburn is one of the most common symptoms of a more chronic, yet common, disease of the digestive system called gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Morning coffee is a daily habit for many, but people with acid reflux should avoid it when possible.
Stop smoking. Smoking weakens the lower esophageal sphincter and increases reflux. Normally, the diaphragm acts as an additional barrier, helping the lower esophageal sphincter keep acid from backing up into the esophagus. GERD is the back up of stomach acid into the esophagus.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
The increased pressure, particularly after a large meal, may lead to acid reflux into the oesophagus. You may have indigestion if you take certain types of medication. Some medicines, such as nitrates (taken to widen your blood vessels) relax the oesophageal sphincter (ring of muscle between your oesophagus and your stomach), which allows acid to leak back up. They help tighten the lower esophageal sphincter and promote faster emptying of the stomach.
Who is at risk for GERD?
Some are combined with a foaming agent. Foam in the stomach helps prevent acid from backing up into the esophagus. Talk to your health-care professional about taking over-the-counter pain relievers such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or medicines for osteoporosis.
Esophageal manometry. This test checks the strength of your esophagus muscles. It can see if you have any problems with backward flow of fluid (reflux) or swallowing. A small tube is put into your nostril, then down your throat and into your esophagus.
Most people with Barrettâ€™s esophagus have had symptoms of heartburn, but many have no symptoms at all. People with Barrettâ€™s esophagus are at a much higher risk than people without this condition to develop adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. Still, most people with Barrettâ€™s esophagus do not get esophageal cancer.
This affects the lining of your esophagus. In some cases it can lead to esophageal cancer.