Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) does not close properly and stomach contents leak back into the esophagus. The LES is a ring-like muscle at the bottom of the esophagus that acts like a valve between the esophagus and stomach. Heartburn occurs when refluxed stomach acid touches the lining of the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the chest.
But it opens from time to time, to let air out in the form of belching. Reflux mostly happens when the valve relaxes too much, or too often. It allows not only gas but also gastric acid to move up, causing the discomfort.
The use of prescription antacids that reduce the stomach acid can lead to vitamin B12 deficiency which can in turn cause pernicious anemia. A stomach acid level that is too low can be just as detrimental to your health as a stomach acid level that is too high. If you overdose on antacid tablets or other acid reducing medications or treatments, your digestion may be affected and your nutrition may suffer.
Hello. I just had a few questions. Would taking too much tums cause low stomach acid? I have eliminated diary, but it doesnâ€™t seem to help. I had such horrible heartburn and ate tums like candy for around four months.
This exposes the protein’s peptide bonds. The gastric chief cells of the stomach secrete enzymes for protein breakdown (inactive pepsinogen, and in infancy rennin). Hydrochloric acid activates pepsinogen into the enzyme pepsin, which then helps digestion by breaking the bonds linking amino acids, a process known as proteolysis. In addition, many microorganisms have their growth inhibited by such an acidic environment, which is helpful to prevent infection.
If for some reason the stomach is not producing enough acid, the muscles around the LES would relax, resulting in more reflux. However, the mechanism that controls this valve is much more complex than the level of gastric acidity. It involves a complex network of involuntary muscles and several different hormones and neurotransmitters.
Surgeries of the stomach, such as gastric bypass surgery, can reduce production of stomach acid. There are a number of contributing factors for low stomach acid. Stress and a poor diet are two of the more common reasons that can directly affect your digestive process.
There is a root cause for your issues and it is likely a pathogen of some type. The diet and supplements will not kill it. They will however give you a much better quality of life than you were having.